4th Grade Science

Here is the Science Topics and sub topics for fourth grade with a printable. This list is suggestive and works on expanding knowledge from previous grades and the printable should you decide to create your own curriculum.


Compare properties of objects Compare properties of materials

Matter and mass

Calculate density
Understand conservation of matter using graphs

States of matter

Identify and sort solids, liquids, and gases

Change-of-state diagrams: solid, liquid, and gas Heating, cooling, and changes of state

Heat and thermal energy

Predict heat flow
Predict temperature changes
How is temperature related to thermal energy?

Physical and chemical change

Identify physical and chemical changes Compare physical and chemical changes


Identify mixtures

Force and motion

Identify directions of forces
How do balanced and unbalanced forces affect motion? How does mass affect force and acceleration?

Introduction to static electricity and charged objects


Identify magnets that attract or repel Label magnets that attract or repel Compare strengths of magnetic forces


Identify living and nonliving things
Identify mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians
Identify vertebrates and invertebrates
Use evidence to classify mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians Use evidence to classify animals
Describe, classify, and compare kingdoms

Scientific names

Identify common and scientific names Origins of scientific names
Use scientific names to classify organisms


Read and construct animal life cycle diagrams Compare animal life cycles
Human organs and their functions
Body systems: circulation and respiration Body systems: digestion

Body systems: removing waste
Body systems: perception and motion


Classify fruits and vegetables as plant parts Identify plant parts and their functions
How do plants make food?
Identify flower parts and their functions
Describe and construct flowering plant life cycles

Describe and construct conifer life cycles


Introduction to adaptations
Animal adaptations: beaks, mouths, and necks Animal adaptations: feet and limbs
Animal adaptations: skins and body coverings

Traits and heredity

What affects traits? Use observations to support a hypothesis Match offspring to parents using inherited traits
Identify inherited and acquired traits
Inherited and acquired traits: use evidence to support a statement Read a plant pedigree chart

Read an animal pedigree chart


Identify functions of plant cell parts

Identify functions of animal cell parts

Plant cell diagrams: identify parts

Animal cell diagrams: identify parts Plant cell diagrams: label parts Animal cell diagrams: label parts Compare plant and animal cells

Cell part functions: true or false


Identify ecosystems
Describe ecosystems
Identify roles in food chains
How does matter move in food chains? Interpret food webs

Natural resources

Evaluate natural energy sources

Rocks and minerals

Identify minerals using properties
Identify rocks using properties
How do sedimentary rocks form?
Classify rocks as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic How do rock layers form?


Introduction to fossils
Identify and classify fossils
Compare fossils to modern organisms
Compare ancient and modern organisms: use observations to support a hypothesis Interpret evidence from fossils in rock layers

Weather and climate

Read a thermometer
Compare temperatures on thermometers
Collect and graph temperature data
What’s the difference between weather and climate?

Weather and climate around the world
Weather or climate? Cite text
Use climate data to make predictions
Use data to describe climates

Earth’s features

Describe and graph water on Earth Read a topographic map
Select parts of a topographic map

Engineering practices

Evaluate multiple design solutions to prevent flooding
Identify the best design solution to prevent hurricane damage

Units and measurement

Choose customary units of distance

Choose metric units of distance

Choose customary units of mass

Choose metric units of mass

Choose customary units of volume

Choose metric units of volume

Abbreviate time and length units

Abbreviate mass and volume units


Identify phases of the Moon