8th Grade ELA

9th, 10th, 11th and 12th ELA are all very much the same. This is the time to really analyze works, hone in on research and reference skills and be creating well written and concise essays. Its also the time you can tae many classes or electives including creative writing. Here is the printable as well.

Reading strategies

Main idea

Determine the main idea of a passage

Audience, purpose, and tone

Which text is most formal?

Compare passages for subjective and objective tone

Identify audience and purpose

Compare passages for tone

Literary devices

Identify the narrative point of view

Interpret the meaning of an allusion from its source

Recall the source of an allusion

Interpret figures of speech

Classify figures of speech: euphemism, hyperbole, oxymoron, paradox

Classify figures of speech: review

Analyzing literature

Analyze short stories

Identify elements of poetry

Analyzing informational texts

Analyze the development of informational passages

Trace an argument:

Analyze rhetorical strategies in historical texts

Writing strategies

Organizing writing

Order topics from broadest to narrowest

Organize information by main idea

Topic sentences and thesis statements

Choose the topic sentence that best captures the main idea

Identify thesis statements

Developing and supporting arguments

Distinguish facts from opinions

Identify stronger and weaker evidence to support a claim

Choose the best evidence to support a claim

Identify supporting evidence in a text

Evaluate counterclaims

Choose the analysis that logically connects the evidence to the claim

Transition logically between claims, evidence, analysis, and counterclaims

Classify logical fallacies

Persuasive strategies

Identify appeals to ethos, pathos, and logos in advertisements

Use appeals to ethos, pathos, and logos in persuasive writing

Creative techniques

Use personification

Writing clearly and concisely

Transitions with conjunctive adverbs

Avoid double, illogical, and unclear comparisons

Identify sentences with parallel structure

Use parallel structure

Remove redundant words or phrases

Active and passive voice

Identify active and passive voice

Rewrite the sentence in active voice

Editing and revising

Use the correct frequently confused word

Identify and correct errors with frequently confused words

Identify and correct errors with frequently confused pronouns and contractions

Correct errors with commonly misspelled words

Correct errors with signs

Correct errors in everyday use

Suggest appropriate revisions

Research skills (MLA)

Understand a Works Cited entry 

Recognize the parts of a Works Cited entry 

Use in-text citations 

Identify plagiarism


Prefixes and suffixes

Word pattern analogies

Word pattern sentences

Words with pre-

Words with re-

Words with sub-

Words with mis-

Words with un-, dis-, in-, im-, and non-

Words with -ful

Words with -less

Words with -able and -ible

Greek and Latin roots

Sort words by shared Greek or Latin roots

Use Greek and Latin roots as clues to the meanings of words

Use words as clues to the meanings of Greek and Latin roots

Determine the meanings of Greek and Latin roots

Determine the meanings of words with Greek and Latin roots


Use the correct homophone

Identify and correct errors with homophones

Foreign words and expressions

Use etymologies to determine the meanings of words

Use context as a clue to the meanings of foreign expressions

Use the correct foreign expression

Word usage and nuance

Choose the word whose connotation and denotation best match the sentence

Use words accurately and precisely

Replace words using a thesaurus

Explore words with new or contested usages



Context clues

Determine the meaning of words using synonyms in context

Determine the meaning of words using antonyms in context

Use context to identify the meaning of a word

Reference skills

Use dictionary entries

Use dictionary definitions

Use dictionary entries to determine correct usage

Use thesaurus entries

Grammar and mechanics

Sentences, fragments, and run-ons

Is the sentence declarative, interrogative, imperative, or exclamatory?

Identify sentence fragments

Identify run-on sentences

Choose punctuation to avoid fragments and run-ons

Phrases and clauses

Is it a phrase or a clause?

Identify prepositional phrases

Identify appositives and appositive phrases

Identify dependent and independent clauses

Is the sentence simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex?

Combine sentences using relative clauses


Form and use plurals: review

Form and use plurals of compound nouns


Identify and correct errors with subject and object pronouns

Subject and object pronouns review

Pronouns after “than” and “as”

Identify and correct pronoun errors with “who”

Use relative pronouns: who and whom

Use relative pronouns: who, whom, whose, which, and that

Identify vague pronoun references

Identify all of the possible antecedents

Correct inappropriate shifts in pronoun number and person

Verb types

Identify transitive and intransitive verbs

Identify linking verbs, predicate adjectives, and predicate nouns

Identify participles and what they modify

Identify gerunds and their functions

Identify infinitives and infinitive phrases

Subject-verb agreement

Identify and correct errors with subject-verb agreement

Identify and correct errors with indefinite pronoun-verb agreement

Identify and correct verb agreement with compound subjects

Verb tense

Form the progressive verb tenses

Form the perfect verb tenses

Identify and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense

Adjectives and adverbs

Choose between adjectives and adverbs

Form and use comparative and superlative adjectives

Good, better, best, bad, worse, and worst

Form and use comparative and superlative adverbs

Well, better, best, badly, worse, and worst


Use the correct pair of correlative conjunctions

Misplaced modifiers

Misplaced modifiers with pictures

Select the misplaced or dangling modifier

Are the modifiers used correctly?

Restrictive and nonrestrictive elements

What does the punctuation suggest?

Commas with nonrestrictive elements


Commas with direct addresses, introductory words, interjections, interrupters, and antithetical phrases

Commas with series, dates, and places

Commas with compound and complex sentences

Commas with coordinate adjectives

Commas: review

Semicolons, colons, and commas

Use semicolons and commas to separate clauses

Use semicolons, colons, and commas with lists

Semicolons, colons, and commas review

Dashes, hyphens, and ellipses

Use dashes

Use hyphens in compound adjectives

Decide whether ellipses are used appropriately


Identify and correct errors with plural and possessive nouns

Identify and correct errors with compound and joint possession


Correct capitalization errors


Formatting quotations and dialogue