5th Grade ELA

Here is what is covered in 5th grade English Language Arts.

Reading strategies

Main idea

Use key details to determine the main idea

Determine the main idea of a passage


Determine the themes of short stories

Author’s purpose and tone

Identify the purpose of a text

Which sentence is more formal?

Text structure

Determine the order of events in informational texts

Compare and contrast in informational texts

Match causes and effects in informational texts

Match problems with their solutions

Identify text structures

Sensory details

Sort sensory details

Identify sensory details

Literary devices

Identify similes and metaphors

Similes and metaphors with pictures

Determine the meanings of similes and metaphors

Interpret the meaning of an allusion from its source

Analyze the effects of figures of speech on meaning and tone

Point of view

Identify the narrative point of view

Compare and contrast points of view

Compare information from two texts


Use actions and dialogue to understand characters

Compare and contrast characters

Draw inferences from a text

Story elements

Identify story elements

Text features

Select and use text features

Visual elements

Compare mythological illustrations

Read graphic organizers

Poetry elements

Label the rhyme scheme

Identify elements of poetry

Literary texts

Read fantasy with illustrations

Read historical fiction

Read poetry

Informational texts

Read passages about animals

Read passages about art, music, and traditions

Read passages about famous places

Read passages about famous people

Read passages about business and technology

Read passages about science and nature

Writing strategies

Organizing writing

Put the sentences in order

Use coordinating conjunctions

Choose the best transition

Order items from most general to most specific

Organize information by main idea

Remove the sentence that does not belong

Introductions and conclusions

Choose the best topic sentence

Choose the best concluding sentence


Summarize a story

Developing and supporting arguments

Distinguish facts from opinions

Identify an author’s statement of opinion

Choose reasons to support an opinion

Identify supporting details in literary texts

Identify supporting details in informational texts

Descriptive details

Show character emotions and traits

Revise the sentence using a stronger verb

Add imagery to stories

Sentence variety

Create varied sentences based on models

Editing and revising

Use the correct frequently confused word

Correct errors with frequently confused words

Correct errors with signs

Research skills

Identify and correct plagiarism


Prefixes and suffixes

Words with pre-

Words with re-

Words with sub-

Words with mis-

Words with un-, dis-, in-, im-, and non-

Words with -ful

Words with -less

Words with -able and -ible

Sort words with shared prefixes and suffixes by meaning

Sort words with shared suffixes by part of speech

Word pattern analogies

Word pattern sentences

Greek and Latin roots

Sort words by shared Greek or Latin roots

Use Greek and Latin roots as clues to the meanings of words

Use the meanings of words as clues to the meanings of Greek and Latin roots

Use words as clues to the meanings of Greek and Latin roots

Determine the meanings of Greek and Latin roots

Determine the meanings of words with Greek and Latin roots

Match words with Greek and Latin roots to their meanings


Select the members of a group

Select the words that don’t belong

Synonyms and antonyms

Choose the synonym

Find synonyms in context

Choose the antonym

Find antonyms in context




Homophones with pictures

Use the correct homophone

Multiple-meaning words

Multiple-meaning words with pictures

Which definition matches the sentence?

Which sentence matches the definition?

Idioms and adages

Determine the meaning of idioms from context

Identify the meaning of idioms and adages

Shades of meaning

Describe the difference between related words

Positive and negative connotation

Context clues

Find words using context

Determine the meaning of words using synonyms in context

Use context to identify the meaning of a word

Determine the meaning of domain-specific words with pictures

Use academic vocabulary in context

Reference skills

Order alphabetically based on the first two letters

Order alphabetically based on the first three letters

Order alphabetically: challenge

Use guide words

Use dictionary entries

Use dictionary definitions

Use thesaurus entries

Grammar and mechanics

Sentences, fragments, and run-ons

Is the sentence declarative, interrogative, imperative, or exclamatory?

Identify the complete subject or complete predicate of a sentence

Identify the simple subject or predicate of a sentence

Is it a complete sentence or a fragment?

Is it a complete sentence or a run-on?

Is it a complete sentence, a fragment, or a run-on?

Identify dependent and independent clauses

Is the sentence simple or compound?

Is the sentence simple, compound, or complex?

Create compound sentences

Order the words to create a sentence


Identify nouns – with abstract nouns

Identify common and proper nouns

Form plurals of nouns ending in f, fe, o, and y

Form and use plurals of nouns ending in f, fe, o, and y

Form plurals: review

Form and use plurals: review

Identify plurals, singular possessives, and plural possessives

Form the singular or plural possessive

Identify and correct errors with plural and possessive nouns


Identify personal pronouns

Choose between subject and object personal pronouns

Replace the noun with a personal pronoun

Compound subjects and objects with “I” and “me”

Compound subjects and objects with personal pronouns

Use possessive pronouns

Choose between personal and reflexive pronouns

Use reflexive pronouns

Identify relative pronouns

Use relative pronouns: who and whom

Use relative pronouns: who, whom, whose, which, and that

Verb types

Identify main verbs and helping verbs

What does the modal verb show?

Use the correct modal verb

Subject-verb agreement

Use the correct subject or verb

Use the correct subject or verb – with compound subjects

Verb tense

Is the sentence in the past, present, or future tense?

Form and use the regular past tense

Form and use the irregular past tense

Form and use the simple past, present, and future tense

Correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense

Use the progressive verb tenses

Form the progressive verb tenses

Choose between the past tense and past participle

Use the perfect verb tenses

Form the perfect verb tenses

Adjectives and adverbs

Identify adjectives

Order adjectives

Identify adverbs

Use relative adverbs

Choose between adjectives and adverbs

Is the word an adjective or adverb?

Use adjectives to compare

Spell adjectives that compare

Use adjectives with more and most

Use adverbs to compare


Identify prepositions

Identify prepositions and their objects

Identify prepositional phrases

Prepositions: review


Identify coordinating conjunctions

Identify subordinating conjunctions

Use the correct pair of correlative conjunctions

Fill in the missing correlative conjunction


Pronoun-verb contractions

Contractions with “not”


Commas with a series

Commas with dates and places

Commas with direct addresses

Commas with introductory elements

Commas with compound and complex sentences

Commas: review


Correct capitalization errors

Capitalizing titles


Formatting titles

Formatting and capitalizing titles

Formatting street addresses

Punctuating dialogue

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