5th Grade

Need goals for the year? Here is the 5the grade list down below, with a printable version.


– Daily reading

– Log and track progress

Language Arts

– Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text

– Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.

– Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact).

– Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.

– Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.

– Describe how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described.

– Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g., graphic novel, multimedia presentation of fiction, folktale, myth, poem).

– Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.

– By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 4–5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

– Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

– Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.

– Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.

– Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.

– Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

– Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

– Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point(s).

– Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

– By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 4–5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

– Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.

– Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.

– Read on-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.

– Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

– Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s purpose.

– Provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details.

– Link opinion and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., consequently, specifically).

– Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.

– Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general observation and focus, and group related information logically; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

– Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.

– Link ideas within and across categories of information using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., in contrast, especially).

– Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

– Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented.

– Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.

– Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, description, and pacing, to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.

– Use a variety of transitional words, phrases, and clauses to manage the sequence of events.

– Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.

– Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

– Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

– With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.

– With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of two pages in a single sitting.

– Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

– Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sources.

– Apply grade 5 Reading standards to literature (e.g., “Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or a drama, drawing on specific details in the text [e.g., how characters interact]”).

– Apply grade 5 Reading standards to informational texts (e.g., “Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point[s]”).

– Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

– Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion.

– Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and carry out assigned roles.

– Pose and respond to specific questions by making comments that contribute to the discussion and elaborate on the remarks of others.

– Review the key ideas expressed and draw conclusions in light of information and knowledge gained from the discussions.

– Summarize a written text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

– Summarize the points a speaker makes and explain how each claim is supported by reasons and evidence.

– Report on a topic or text or present an opinion, sequencing ideas logically and using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.

– Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.

– Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, using formal English when appropriate to task and situation.

– Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general and their function in particular sentences.

– Form and use the perfect (e.g., I had walked; I have walked; I will have walked) verb tenses.

– Use verb tense to convey various times, sequences, states, and conditions.

– Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense.

– Use correlative conjunctions (e.g., either/or, neither/nor).

– Use punctuation to separate items in a series.

– Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence.

– Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It’s true, isn’t it?), and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?).

– Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.

– Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.

– Expand, combine, and reduce sentences for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.

– Compare and contrast the varieties of English (e.g., dialects, registers) used in stories, dramas, or poems.

– Use context (e.g., cause/effect relationships and comparisons in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

– Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., photograph, photosynthesis).

– Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.

– Interpret figurative language, including similes and metaphors, in context.

– Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

– Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.

– Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships (e.g., however, although, nevertheless, similarly, moreover, in addition).


– Numbers & Operations

– Counting, Number Sets, Number Representations, Compare & Order Numbers, Place Value

– Explore negative numbers in context.

– Understand place value concepts through millions.

– Count by hundred thousand and millions.

– Compare and order whole numbers to 10,000,000.

– Express numbers to 10,000,000 in various forms.

– Whole Number: Multiplication, Division

– Multiply multi-digit numbers.

– Find quotients involving multi-digit dividends.

– Solve multiplication and division problems.

– Select the most useful form of the quotient and interpret the remainder.

– Estimation and Mental Math

– Use estimation and mental math to estimate sums, differences, products and quotients.

– Decimal Concepts, Operations & Applications

– Model decimals using thousandths.

– Understand place value concepts through thousandths.

– Convert decimals to fractions.

– Add and subtract decimals.

– Multiply and divide decimals by whole numbers.

– Solve problems with multiplication and division of decimals.

– Ratio, Proportion & Percent

– Convert fractions to decimals.

– Relate fractions and division expressions.

– Add and subtract unlike fractions and mixed numbers.

– Multiply proper fractions, improper fractions, mixed numbers, and whole numbers.

– Divide fractions by whole numbers.

– Solve word problems with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of fractions.

– Use ratios to solve problems.

– Find equivalent ratios.

– Solve problems with percent.

– Convert fractions to percents.

– Find a percent of a number.

– Algebraic Thinking

– Patterns & Properties

– Identify, describe, and extend numeric patterns involving all operations.

– Find rules to complete number patterns.

– Algebraic Relationships & Models

– Understand the relationship between numbers and symbols in formulas for surface area and volume.

– Describe number relationships in context.

– Use letters as variables.

– Number Sentences, Equations & Inequalities

– Write and solve numbers sentences for one- , two-and three-step real-world problems.

– Write and solve equations.

– Graph linear equations.

– Simplify algebraic expressions.

– Understand equality and inequality.

– Use order of operations in numeric expressions with two or more operations.

– Geometry & Measurement

– Lines & Angles

– Apply the sum of the angles on a straight line.

– Apply the sum of the angles at a point.

– Apply vertical angles property of intersecting lines.

– Shapes

– Apply the properties of right, isosceles, and equilateral triangles.

– Apply the sum of the angle measures of a triangle.

– Apply the properties of a parallelogram, rhombus, and trapezoid.

– Demonstrate that the sum of any two side lengths of a triangle is greater than the length of the third side.

– Identify and classify prisms and pyramids.

– Identify the solid that can be made from a net.

– Identify cylinders, spheres and cones.

– Describe cylinders, spheres and cones by the number of and types of faces, and the number of edges and vertices.

– Build solids using unit cubes.

– Length, Distance, Perimeter & Area

– Find the area of a triangle as an extension of the area of a rectangle.

– Surface Area & Volume

– Estimate and measure volume in cubic units.

– Use the net of a rectangular prism to find its surface area.

– Congruence, Symmetry, Transformations & Coordinate Geometry

– Plot points on a coordinate grid.

– Data Analysis

– Collect, Classify, Organize, Represent, Interpret & Analyze Data

– Represent data in a double bar graph.

– Analyze data in a double bar graph.

– Probability

– Investigate Outcomes & Express Probability

– Determine experimental probability of an outcome.

– Compare the results of an experiment with theoretical probability.

– Find all possible combinations by listing, making a tree diagram, and multiplying.

Social Studies

– Native Americas- crops, hunting traditions, regions, homes and structures, rituals and ceremonies

– Early explorers- background, hardships, motivations, and what Impact they had on native Americans

– Colonialism- 13 colonies, hardships, day to day, John Smith, William penn, development of slavery,

– American Revolution – cause of revolution, events and individuals involved, which battles were there and which were won, loyalists vs patriots, Declaration of Independence, Boston tea party ride of Paul revere

– New Nation – articles of confederation, constitution, bill of rights, branches of government, George Washington, political parties, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, map expansion of the country, Louisiana purchase, Lewis and Clark, pioneering

– Civil war and Reconstruction- causes, major events, and consequences, Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S Grant, emancipation proclamation, constitution amendments 13, 14, and 15, reconstruction plan, social and economic impact of slavery

– Current events


– Life Science – structure and behavior of living organisms, Examine cells, parts of a cell, systems in the body, ecosystems,

– Earth science- water cycle, earths layers, rocks and fossils

– Physical science – states of matter, periodic table, force

– What do scientists do- ask questions, investigate, record data,


– Dance, Music, Arts

– Drawing and Coloring

– Connect the dots

– Hands on Crafts