Everything you need for 9th Grade

Thank you all for the kind words we have received over the last few years. I felt the need to reorganize and make it simpler for you all to gain access to everything needed, still by grade but linked to the different lessons (both free and subscription versions) to help make your journey a lot easier. 

Before you grab what you need, I want to remind you that each state is different in terms of regulations as in what subjects, hours and days are needed. That being said all the information below can used in any state.

In New York State, 9th, 10th, 11th, and12th graders are expected to cover English (four units), social studies (four units), which includes American history (one unit), participation in government (half a unit), economics (half a unit), Science (two units), Mathematics (two units), physical education (on a regular basis), Health education (half a unit), alcohol, drug and tobacco misuse, art and or music (one unit), physical education (two units), electives (three units), Highway and Traffic Safety, and lastly Fire Safety and Prevention. 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th are accumulative, meaning that the total units will be covered between the two years. However, each year must be done with a total of 990 hours in 180 days. Also to note, that each unit is equivalent to 108 hours.

End of the Year

– Daily reading
– Log and track progress

Language Arts
– Speak with clarity and purpose to compare two characters or themes.
– Use standard language and grammar.
– Writing
– Use the six traits of writing (content, organization, conventions, voice, sentence
– fluency, word choice).
– Create a thesis statement to guide and frame writing.
– Use conventions of standard written English.
– Develop and support ideas with specific details and examples.
– Listening
– Use listening skills in practical settings.
– Adapt listening skills for specific purposes.
– Reading Comprehension
– Read for literal, interpretive, and evaluative comprehension.
– Demonstrate the ability to analyze the text through identifying and applying
– knowledge of characterization, point of view, setting, and conflict.
– A Need for Change – Speeches for Reform
– Students will demonstrate persuasive speaking skills dealing with a current topic of reform. – Research
– Locate, consult, and cite information from reliable sources about a relevant, current,
– and debatable topic, e.g. school policies, skateboarding bans, etc.
– Prepare a Works Cited page using MLA format.
– Speaking
– Speak with clarity and purpose to persuade the class on a currently debated.
– Speak with appropriate expression, smoothness, pace, volume, eye contact, posture,
– and gestures.
– Use standard language and grammar.
– Listening
– Use listening skills in practical settings.
– Adapt listening skills for specific purposes.
– Reading
– Read non-fiction resources to inform research.
– Read for literal, interpretive, and evaluative comprehension.
– Demonstrate the ability to analyze an audience and create arguments geared towards
– changing thought processes.
– To Kill a Mockingbird
– Students will demonstrate speaking, reading, and research skills while studying To Kill a

– Research
– Locate, consult, and cite information from reliable sources about a relevant reform – topic, e.g. Civil Rights Movement. Prepare a Works Cited page using MLA format. •

– Speak with clarity and purpose to inform the class about the research mini-topic. Speak

with appropriate expression, smoothness, pace, volume, eye contact, – posture, and gestures.

Use standard language and grammar.


Use listening skills in practical settings.
Adapt listening skills for specific purposes.
Animal Farm
Students will demonstrate speaking, listening, writing, reading, and research skills while studying Animal Farm.


Locate, consult, and cite information from reliable sources about a relevant type of government.
Prepare a Works Cited page using MLA format.


Speak with clarity and purpose to inform the class about the Utopian Society. Speak with appropriate expression, smoothness, pace, volume, eye contact,
posture, and gestures.

Use standard language and grammar.


Read non-fiction resources to inform research.
Read for literal, interpretive, and evaluative comprehension.
Demonstrate the ability to analyze a novel through identifying and applying
knowledge of characterization, point of view, conflict and setting. Evaluate Harper Lee’s purpose for writing To Kill a Mockingbird.

Use the six traits of writing (content, organization, conventions, voice, sentence fluency, word choice)
Create a thesis statement to guide and frame writing.
Use conventions of standard written English.

Develop ideas and content with specific details and examples.
Explore ideas and personal reactions to the novel through informal and persuasive writing.


Use listening skills in practical settings. Adapt listening skills for specific purposes.

Reading Comprehension

Read non-fiction resources to inform research.
Read for literal, interpretive, and evaluative comprehension.
Demonstrate the ability to analyze the text through identifying and applying
knowledge of characterization, point of view, setting, and conflict. Identify and explain the use of allegory and satire in the novel. Evaluate George Orwell’s purpose for writing Animal Farm.
Students will demonstrate listening, writing, and reading, through a variety of poetry.


Recite poetry using effective inflections.
Read poetry following punctuation correctly. • Writing
Create own poetry.
Use figurative language in writing a poem or song. • Listening
Use listening skills in practical settings.
Adapt listening skills for specific purposes. • Reading Comprehension

Read for literal, interpretive, and evaluative comprehension.
Demonstrate the ability to analyze the text through identifying and applying

knowledge of figurative language, form, and perspective. • Suggested authors students will be exposed to:

Langston Hughes E.E. Cummings Robert Frost

Carl Sandburg

Edgar Allan Poe
Maya Angelou
Students will demonstrate speaking, listening, reading, and research skills while studying Mythology.


Locate, consult, and cite information from reliable sources about a mythological figure.

Prepare a Works Cited page using MLA format.
Romeo and Juliet
Students will demonstrate speaking, listening, writing, reading, and research skills while studying Romeo and Juliet.

Use the six traits of writing (content, organization, conventions, voice, sentence fluency, word choice)

Create a thesis statement to guide and frame writing.
Use conventions of standard written English
Develop ideas and content with specific details and examples
Explore ideas and personal reactions to the play through formal writing


Use listening skills in practical settings.

Adapt listening skills for specific purposes.


Use background knowledge from class to enhance the understanding of Romeo and Juliet’s historical and cultural contexts.

Read for literal, interpretive, and evaluative comprehension.
Demonstrate the ability to analyze drama through identifying and applying
knowledge of characterization, plot, point of view, and setting. Identify and explain the use of irony in the play.

– Geometry

Social Studies – World History – Geography

– Biology 1
– Health and nutrition

– Dance, Music, Arts
– Drawing and Coloring – Connect the dots
– Hands on Crafts



Welcome to High school. I’ve compiled a list of books for 9th Grade, many of which will be great for social studies and english but reading is important and encouraged so I’ve added far more than just for those two subjects. Here is the printable as well.

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Three Musketeers by Alexander Dumas

The Three Musketeers is a novel by Alexandre Dumas. Set in the 17th century, it recounts the adventures of a young man named d’Artagnan after he leaves home to travel to Paris, to join the Musketeers of the Guard. D’Artagnan is not one of the musketeers of the title; those being his friends Athos, Porthos and Aramis, inseparable friends who live by the motto “all for one, one for all”, a motto which is first put forth by d’Artagnan. In genre, The Three Musketeers is primarily a historical novel and adventure. However Dumas also frequently works into the plot various injustices, abuses and absurdities of the ancien regime, giving the novel an additional political aspect at a time when the debate in France between republicans and monarchists was still fierce. The story was first serialized from March to July 1844, during the July monarchy, four years before the French Revolution of 1848 violently established the second Republic. The author’s father, Thomas-Alexandre Dumas had been a well-known general in France’s Republican army during the French revolutionary wars. Although adaptations tend to portray d’Artagnan and the three musketeers as heroes, the novel portrays less appealing characters, who are willing to commit violence over slight insults and through unquestioning loyalty to the king and queen, and treat their servants and supposed social inferiors with contempt and violence.

Whites and the Blues by  Alexander Dumas

During the French Revolution, young Charles is sent to be tutored by Euloge Schneider. But Schneider has become the Public Prosecutor for the town, and is now known as a bloodthirsty monster. Only Saint Just, the Angel of Death, can save the day. The last of Dumas’s plays to be performed during his lifetime, The Whites and the Blues is an undiscovered masterpiece of suspense.

Taking the Bastille by Alexander Dumas

Alexandre Dumas (24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870), also known as Alexandre Dumas père (French for ‘father’), was a French writer. His works have been translated into many languages, and he is one of the most widely read French authors. Many of his historical novels of high adventure were originally published as serials, including The Count of Monte Cristo, The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After, and The Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten Years Later. His novels have been adapted since the early twentieth century for nearly 200 films. Dumas’ last novel, The Knight of Sainte-Hermine, unfinished at his death, was completed by scholar Claude Schopp and published in 2005. It was published in English in 2008 as The Last Cavalier.

Twenty Years After by Alexander Dumas

First serialized in 1845, Alexandre Dumas’ “Twenty Years After” is the second part of the “D’Artagnan Romances”, the first sequel to “The Three Musketeers”. It was followed by “The Vicomte de Bragelonne”, which was first serialized in 1847. Dumas’s beloved characters return for more adventurous duty, and as the title suggests, two decades have elapsed since D’Artagnan and his friends have prevailed over the evil machinations of Cardinal Richelieu and the icy Milady. However, danger and political intrigue still abound in both France and England, where the former is on the brink of civil war and the latter is nearly in the control of Cromwell. Due to the scheming of Cardinal Mazarin and the malevolent Mordaunt, son of Milady, the retired Musketeers find themselves whisked out of retirement and directly into the center of danger and intrigue as they fight to save the young Louis XIV in France and Charles I in England from plots against the monarchs. Dumas’ story is full of the chaotic swirl of stratagems, conflicted loyalties, and thrilling battles as the valiant and aging Musketeers fight for Queen and country. This edition is printed on premium acid-free paper.

Count of Monte Cristo by Alexander Dumas

Thrown in prison for a crime he has not committed, Edmond Dantes is confined to the grim fortress of If. There he learns of a great hoard of treasure hidden on the Isle of Monte Cristo and he becomes determined not only to escape, but also to unearth the treasure and use it to plot the destruction of the three men responsible for his incarceration. Dumas’ epic tale of suffering and retribution, inspired by a real-life case of wrongful imprisonment, was a huge popular success when it was first serialized in the 1840s.

Robin Buss’s lively English translation is complete and unabridged, and remains faithful to the style of Dumas’s original. This edition includes an introduction, explanatory notes and suggestions for further reading.

For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.

Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte

Wuthering Heights is Emily Brontë’s first and only published novel, written between October 1845 and June 1846, and published in 1847 under the pseudonym Ellis Bell; Brontë died the following year, aged 30. The decision to publish came after the success of her sister Charlotte’s novel, Jane Eyre. After Emily’s death, Charlotte edited the manuscript of Wuthering Heights, and arranged for the edited version to be published as a posthumous second edition in 1850.Wuthering Heights is the name of the farmhouse where the story unfolds. The book’s core theme is the destructive effect of jealousy and vengefulness both on the jealous or vengeful individuals and on their communities.

A Lesson Before Dying by Ernest Gaines

Winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award, A Lesson Before Dying is a deep and compassionate novel about a young man who returns to 1940s Cajun country to visit a black youth on death row for a crime he didn’t commit. Together they come to understand the heroism of resisting. 

The Red Pony by John Steinbeck

Written at a time of profound anxiety caused by the illness of his mother, Nobel Prize winner John Steinbeck draws on his memories of childhood in these stories about a boy who embodies both the rebellious spirit and the contradictory desire for acceptance of early adolescence. Unlike most coming-of-age stories, the cycle does not end with a hero “matured” by circumstances. As John Seelye writes in his introduction, reversing common interpretations, The Red Pony is imbued with a sense of loss. Jody’s encounters with birth and death express a common theme in Steinbeck’s fiction: They are parts of the ongoing process of life, “resolving” nothing. The Red Pony was central not only to Steinbeck’s emergence as a major American novelist but to the shaping of a distinctly mid twentieth-century genre, opening up a new range of possibilities about the fictional presence of a child’s world. This edition contains an introduction by John Seelye.

For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.

All American Girl by Meg Cabot

Samantha Madison is just your average sophomore gal living in DC when, in an inadvertent moment sandwiched between cookie-buying and CD-perusing, she puts a stop to an attempt on the life of the president. Before she can say “MTV2” she’s appointed Teen Ambassador to the UN and has caught the eye of the very cute First Son.

Featuring Meg Cabot’s delightful sense of humor and signature romance that made The Princess Diaries such a hit, this New York Times bestselling standalone novel is sure to please fans and new readers alike.

The Book of Fred by Abby Bardi

Raised in an isolated, reclusive fundamentalist sect, Mary Fred Anderson finds her life turned upside down when she is uprooted and placed in foster care in the Cullison household, where her new housemates introduce her to a whole new world, until a horrifying act of violence forces her to confront everything about her life and past. A first novel. 25,000 first printing.

Lord of the Flies by William Golding

At the dawn of the next world war, a plane crashes on an uncharted island, stranding a group of schoolboys. At first, with no adult supervision, their freedom is something to celebrate. This far from civilization they can do anything they want. Anything. But as order collapses, as strange howls echo in the night, as terror begins its reign, the hope of adventure seems as far removed from reality as the hope of being rescued.

Moby Dick by Herman Melville

Moby-Dick; or, The Whale is a novel by Herman Melville, in which Ishmael narrates the monomaniacal quest of Ahab, captain of the whaler Pequod, for revenge on the albino sperm whale Moby Dick, which on a previous voyage destroyed Ahab’s ship and severed his leg at the knee. Although the novel was a commercial failure and out of print at the time of the author’s death in 1891, its reputation grew immensely during the twentieth century. D. H. Lawrence called it “one of the strangest and most wonderful books in the world,” and “the greatest book of the sea ever written.” Moby-Dick is considered a Great American Novel and an outstanding work of the Romantic period in America and the American Renaissance. “Call me Ishmael” is one of world literature’s most famous opening sentences. The product of a year and a half of writing, the book is dedicated to Nathaniel Hawthorne, “in token of my admiration for his genius,” and draws on Melville’s experience at sea, on his reading in whaling literature, and on literary inspirations such as Shakespeare and the Bible. The detailed and realistic descriptions of whale hunting and of extracting whale oil, as well as life aboard ship among a culturally diverse crew, are mixed with exploration of class and social status, good and evil, and the existence of God. In addition to narrative prose, Melville uses styles and literary devices ranging from songs, poetry and catalogs to Shakespearean stage directions, soliloquies and asides. The author changed the title at the very last moment in September 1851. The work first appeared as The Whale in London in October 1851, and then under its definitive title Moby-Dick in New York in November. The whale, however, appears in both the London and New York editions as “Moby Dick,” with no hyphen. The British edition of five hundred copies was not reprinted during the author’s life, the American of almost three thousand was reprinted three times at approximately 250 copies, the last reprinting in 1871. These figures are exaggerated because three hundred copies were destroyed in a fire at Harper’s; only 3,200 copies were actually sold during the author’s life.

The Chocolate War by Robert Cormier

After suffering rejection from seven major publishers, The Chocolate War made its debut in 1974, and quickly became a bestselling—and provocative—classic for young adults. This chilling portrait of an all-boys prep school casts an unflinching eye on the pitfalls of conformity and corruption in our most elite cultural institutions.

The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams

t’s an ordinary Thursday morning for Arthur Dent . . . until his house gets demolished. The Earth follows shortly after to make way for a new hyperspace express route, and Arthur’s best friend has just announced that he’s an alien.

After that, things get much, much worse.

With just a towel, a small yellow fish, and a book, Arthur has to navigate through a very hostile universe in the company of a gang of unreliable aliens. Luckily the fish is quite good at languages. And the book is The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy. . . which helpfully has the words DON’T PANIC inscribed in large, friendly letters on its cover.

Douglas Adams’s mega-selling pop-culture classic sends logic into orbit, plays havoc with both time and physics, offers up pithy commentary on such things as ballpoint pens, potted plants, and digital watches . . . and, most important, reveals the ultimate answer to life, the universe, and everything.

Now, if you could only figure out the question. . . .

That was Then, This is Now by  S.E. Hinton

Continue celebrating 50 years of The Outsiders by reading this companion novel. That Was ThenThis is Now is S. E. Hinton’s moving portrait of the bond between best friends Bryon and Mark and the tensions that develop between them as they begin to grow up and grow apart. 

Bless the Beasts and the Children by Swarthout

Bless the Beasts & Children became the late Glendon Swarthout’s biggest bestseller, selling over 3 million copies in North America, with many overseas foreign language editions and never being out of print since first published in 1970. Bless the Beasts was a selection of the Literary Guild, the Doubleday Book Club, as well as a Reader’s Digest condensed book. This novel was nominated by hard cover publisher Doubleday as its Pulitzer Prize candidate in Fiction for 1970. The film of Bless the Beasts by director Stanley Kramer in 1972 was not as successful, but it did contain a famous, Oscar-nominated theme song by the Carpenters and its music score has been released as “Nadia’s Theme,” from the 1972 Olympics and is still heard today as the theme music from CBS Television’s long-running soap opera, “The Young and the Restless.”

Talisman by Sir Walter Scott

The Talisman is a novel by Sir Walter Scott. It was published in 1825 as the second of his Tales of the Crusaders, the first being The Betrothed. 
The Talisman takes place at the end of the Third Crusade, mostly in the camp of the Crusaders in Palestine. Scheming and partisan politics, as well as the illness of King Richard the Lionheart, are placing the Crusade in danger. The main characters are the Scottish knight Kenneth, a fictional version of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, who returned from the third Crusade in 1190; Richard the Lionheart; Saladin; and Edith Plantagenet, a relative of Richard.

Tale of Two Cities by  Charles Dickens

A Tale of Two Cities (1859) is a novel by Charles Dickens, set in London and Paris before and during the French Revolution. With well over 200 million copies sold, it ranks amongst the most famous works in the history of literary fiction. The novel depicts the plight of the French peasantry demoralised by the French aristocracy in the years leading up to the revolution, the corresponding brutality demonstrated by the revolutionaries toward the former aristocrats in the early years of the revolution, and many unflattering social parallels with life in London during the same time period. It follows the lives of several characters through these events. The 45-chapter novel was published in 31 weekly instalments in Dickens’s new literary periodical titled All the Year Round. From April 1859 to November 1859, Dickens also republished the chapters as eight monthly sections in green covers. All but three of Dickens’s previous novels had appeared only as monthly instalments. The first weekly instalment of A Tale of Two Cities ran in the first issue of All the Year Round on 30 April 1859. The last ran thirty weeks later, on 26 November.

 Silas Marner by George Eliot

Silas Marner: The Weaver of Raveloe is the third novel by George Eliot, published in 1861. An outwardly simple tale of a linen weaver, it is notable for its strong realism and its sophisticated treatment of a variety of issues ranging from religion to industrialisation to community.

Speak by Laura Anderson

“Speak up for yourself–we want to know what you have to say.” From the first moment of her freshman year at Merryweather High, Melinda knows this is a big fat lie, part of the nonsense of high school. She is friendless, outcast, because she busted an end-of-summer party by calling the cops, so now nobody will talk to her, let alone listen to her. As time passes, she becomes increasingly isolated and practically stops talking altogether. Only her art class offers any solace, and it is through her work on an art project that she is finally able to face what really happened at that terrible party: she was raped by an upperclassman, a guy who still attends Merryweather and is still a threat to her. Her healing process has just begun when she has another violent encounter with him. But this time Melinda fights back, refuses to be silent, and thereby achieves a measure of vindication. In Laurie Halse Anderson’s powerful novel, an utterly believable heroine with a bitterly ironic voice delivers a blow to the hypocritical world of high school. She speaks for many a disenfranchised teenager while demonstrating the importance of speaking up for oneself.

Travels in Interior of Africa by Mungo Park

This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world’s literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.

Home Before Dark by Sue Ellen Bridgers

Stella had spent nearly all her life in the battered station wagon as her family moved from one farmer’s crop to another. But now she had a place to store the secret Stella and draw her longings out slowly, carefully, one by one, and keep them safe.

The Island by Gary Paulsen

From a master storyteller comes a unique exploration into the exhilarating joys–and the inevitable dangers–of total solitude.

Every day, 15yo Wil Neuton gets up, brushes his teeth, leaves the house, and rows away from shore. He’s discovered the island, a place where he can go to be alone and learn to know nature–and himself.
Wil’s only mission is to let go of the outside world. But the outside world refuses to let go of him. His family regards him as a puzzle. The town bully is determined to challenge him. And suddenly, even reporters know his name. 
He can confront them all, or he can embrace his solitude forever. Just one thing is certain now: Wil Neuton will no longer be relying on anybody but himself.

Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck

They are an unlikely pair: George is “small and quick and dark of face”; Lennie, a man of tremendous size, has the mind of a young child. Yet they have formed a “family,” clinging together in the face of loneliness and alienation.

Laborers in California’s dusty vegetable fields, they hustle work when they can, living a hand-to-mouth existence. For George and Lennie have a plan: to own an acre of land and a shack they can call their own. When they land jobs on a ranch in the Salinas Valley, the fulfillment of their dream seems to be within their grasp. But even George cannot guard Lennie from the provocations of a flirtatious woman, nor predict the consequences of Lennie’s unswerving obedience to the things George taught him.

Lion’s Paw by D.R. Sherman

A young Bushman matches wits with an aggressive safari hunter in a struggle to protect the lion he befriends.

Little White Horse by Elizabeth Goudge

When orphaned young Maria Merryweather arrives at Moonacre Manor, she feels as if she’s entered Paradise. Her new guardian, her uncle Sir Benjamin, is kind and funny; the Manor itself feels like home right away; and every person and animal she meets is like an old friend. But there is something incredibly sad beneath all of this beauty and comfort–a tragedy that happened years ago, shadowing Moonacre Manor and the town around it–and Maria is determined to learn about it, change it, and give her own life story a happy ending. But what can one solitary girl do?

Lord of the Rings Trilogy by J.R.R. Tolkein

This four-volume, deluxe paperback boxed set contains J.R.R. Tolkien’s epic masterworks The Hobbit and the three volumes of The Lord of the Rings (The Fellowship of the RingThe Two Towers, and The Return of the King).  In The Hobbit, Bilbo Baggins is whisked away from his comfortable, unambitious life in Hobbiton by the wizard Gandalf and a company of dwarves. He finds himself caught up in a plot to raid the treasure hoard of Smaug the Magnificent, a large and very dangerous dragon.  The Lord of the Rings tells of the great quest undertaken by Frodo Baggins and the Fellowship of the Ring: Gandalf the wizard; the hobbits Merry, Pippin, and Sam; Gimli the dwarf; Legolas the elf; Boromir of Gondor; and a tall, mysterious stranger called Strider. J.R.R. Tolkien’s three volume masterpiece is at once a classic myth and a modern fairy tale—a story of high and heroic adventure set in the unforgettable landscape of Middle-earth.

Lost World by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

The Lost World is a science fiction novel by British writer Arthur Conan Doyle, published in 1912, concerning an expedition to a plateau in the Amazon basin of South America where prehistoric animals still survive. It was originally published serially in the Strand Magazine and illustrated by New-Zealand-born artist Harry Rountree during the months of April–November 1912. The character of Professor Challenger was introduced in this book. The novel also describes a war between indigenous people and a vicious tribe of ape-like creatures.

Mama’s Bank Account by Kathryn Forbes

The charming adventures of the Mama of an immigrant Norwegian family living in San Francisco. This bestselling book inspired the play, motion picture, and television series I Remember Mama.

Moonstone by Wilkie Collins

The Moonstone, a yellow diamond looted from an Indian temple and believed to bring bad luck to its owner, is bequeathed to Rachel Verinder on her eighteenth birthday. That very night the priceless stone is stolen again and when Sergeant Cuff is brought in to investigate the crime, he soon realizes that no one in Rachel’s household is above suspicion. Hailed by T. S. Eliot as “the first, the longest, and the best of modern English detective novels,” The Moonstone is a marvellously taut and intricate tale of mystery, in which facts and memory can prove treacherous and not everyone is as they first appear.

Sandra Kemp’s introduction examines The Moonstone as a work of Victorian sensation fiction and an early example of the detective genre, and discusses the technique of multiple narrators, the role of opium, and Collins’s sources and autobiographical references.

Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson

This carefully crafted ebook: “The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (The Classic Unabridged Edition)” is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is the original title of a novella written by the Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson that was first published in 1886. The work is commonly known today as Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde or simply Jekyll & Hyde. It is about a London lawyer named Gabriel John Utterson, who investigates strange occurrences between his old friend, Dr. Henry Jekyll and the evil Edward Hyde. The work is commonly associated with the rare mental condition often called “split personality” where, within the same body, there exists more than one distinct personality. Robert Louis Stevenson (1850–1894) was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, and travel writer. His most famous works are Treasure Island, Kidnapped, and Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. A literary celebrity during his lifetime, Stevenson now ranks among the 26 most translated authors in the world.

Sanders of the River by  Edgar Wallace

District Commissioner Sanders struggles to maintain peace and prosperity within Colonial Nigeria. As a British ruler, he must manage the crown’s expectations as well as the interests of the Nigerian people. Sanders attempt at fair and just authority is often challenged by skeptic natives and outside forces. At his most vulnerable, he faces a political upheaval that may push the colony to the brink of war.

Sanders of the River illustrates the tumultuous relationship between the British Empire and its African colonies. While some locals are intrigued by Commissioner Sanders, others are weary of his true intentions. He represents Western ideals which have historically sewn discord within the tribal communities.

Influenced by Wallace’s own travels, Sanders of the River explores imperialism from both a foreign and domestic perspective. This popular tale spawned multiple sequels including The People of the River (1911) and The River of Stars (1913). The initial story was also adapted for film in 1935 and went on to become a critical and commercial success.

With an eye-catching new cover, and professionally typeset manuscript, this edition of Sanders of the River is both modern and readable.

Quatre-Vingt-Treize by Victor Hugo

Ninety-Three (Quatrevingt-treize) is the last novel by the French writer Victor Hugo. Published in 1874, shortly after the bloody upheaval of the Paris Commune, the novel concerns the Revolt in the Vendée and Chouannerie – the counter-revolutionary revolts in 1793 during the French Revolution. It is divided into three parts, but not chronologically; each part tells a different story, offering a different view of historical general events. The action mainly takes place in Brittany and in Paris. Ayn Rand greatly praised this book (and Hugo’s writing in general), acknowledged it as a source of inspiration, and even wrote an introduction to one of its English-language editions

Prince Otto by Robert Louis Stevenson

The novel was largely written during 1883. Stevenson referred to Prince Otto as “my hardest effort”, one of the chapters was rewritten eight times by Stevenson and once by his wife.

The Merry Men and Other Tales and Fables (1887) is a collection of short stories by Robert Louis Stevenson. The title derives from the local name given to a group of waves in the title short story, not from the Merry Men of Robin Hood tales.

Middle march by  George Eliot

Introduction and Notes by Doreen Roberts, Rutherford College, University of Kent at Canterbury Middlemarch is a complex tale of idealism, disillusion, profligacy, loyalty and frustrated love. This penetrating analysis of the life of an English provincial town during the time of social unrest prior to the Reform Bill of 1832 is told through the lives of Dorothea Brooke and Dr Tertius Lydgate and includes a host of other paradigm characters who illuminate the condition of English life in the mid-nineteenth century.

Legends of the Alhambra by Washington Irving

Tales of the Alhambra is a collection of essays, verbal sketches, and stories by Washington Irving. The book combines description, myth and narrations of real historical events, even up through the destruction of some of the palace’s towers by the French under Count Sebastiani in 1812, and the further damage caused by an earthquake in 1821. Throughout his trip, Washington filled his notebooks and journals with descriptions and observations though he did not believe his writing would ever do it justice. He wrote, “How unworthy is my scribbling of the place.”

The book was instrumental in reintroducing the Alhambra to Western audiences. A plaque now marks the rooms in which Irving stayed while writing some of his book.

Alexander Pushkin’s 1834 tale in verse The Tale of the Golden Cockerel is based on two chapters of Tales of the Alhambra. In turn, the Pushkin poem inspired Vladimir Belsky’s libretto for the opera “The Golden Cockerel” by Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov.

Hunchback of Notre Dame by Victor Hugo

A mad priest, a vagabond playwright, a social-climbing soldier, and a deformed bell-ringer — all are captivated by a gypsy girl’s beauty and charm. Two of them will betray her, but the others will remain loyal, even in the shadow of the gallows. These outlaws find sanctuary within the walls of medieval Paris’ greatest monument, the grand Cathedral of Notre Dame.
“What a beautiful thing Notre-Dame is!” declared Gustave Flaubert of Victor Hugo’s 1837 novel. Originally published as Notre-Dame de Paris (Our Lady of Paris), it was conceived as a story of the cathedral itself, which functioned as the passionate heart of fifteenth-century city life. But Hugo’s human drama rivals the Gothic masterpiece for dominance. Drawn with humor and compassion, his characters endure, both in literary history and in readers’ imaginations: Frollo, the sinister archdeacon; Quasimodo, the hideous hunchback; and the enchanting outcast, Esmeralda.

Greek Way to Western Civilization by Edith Hamilton

In The Greek Way, Edith Hamilton captures with “Homeric power and simplicity” (New York Times) the spirit of the golden age of Greece in the fifth century BC, the time of its highest achievements. She explores the Greek aesthetics of sculpture and writing and the lack of ornamentation in both. She examines the works of Homer, Pindar, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Aristophanes, and Euripides, among others; the philosophy of Socrates and Plato’s role in preserving it; the historical accounts by Herodotus and Thucydides on the Greek wars with Persia and Sparta and by Xenophon on civilized living.

Four Horsemen of Apocalypse by Blasco Ibanez

“The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse” presents a new view point from which to see and feel World War I, the Great War. All characters see the war through the eyes of their own country. It is rich and varied in scene, human in its characterisations, interesting throughout, and above all, refreshingly straightforward and conclusive on the subject of the gers and their methods of warfare.

Well at the World’s End by William Morris

As the youngest son of a king, Ralph of Upmeads is expected to forsake adventure for the safety of home. But the call of the Well at the World’s End is too powerful to resist, and Ralph disobeys his parents in order to seek out his true destiny in its magical waters. The journey is long and arduous as the well lies on the far side of a distant mountain range and the lands beyond Upmeads are full of treacherous characters. With the help of a beautiful maiden and an ancient hermit, Ralph completes his quest and raises the cup of immortality and wisdom to his lips. The question is, what will he do with his newfound powers?
Widely recognized as the forerunner to modern fantasy, The Well at the World’s End is a magnificent tale of romance and adventure and a major influence on the works of J. R. R. Tolkien and C. S. Lewis.
This ebook has been professionally proofread to ensure accuracy and readability on all devices.

A New Voyage Round the World by William Dampier

A New Voyage Round the World by William Dampier with an Introduction by Sir Albert Gray. William Dampier, baptised 5 September 1651; died March 1715, was an English explorer and navigator who became the first Englishman to explore parts of what is today Australia, and the first person to circumnavigate the world three times. He has also been described as Australia’s first natural historian, as well as one of the most important British explorers of the period between Sir Walter Raleigh and James Cook. Dampier’s New Voyage on its publication won immediate success, and has ever since maintained its place in the front rank among the most notable records of maritime adventure. It stands midway between the epic tales of Hakluyt and the official narratives of the world voyages of Anson and Cook. As a record of buccaneering it comes between the applauded filibustering of Hawkins and Drake and the condemned piracy of the eighteenth century. The stories of the buccaneers are on the verge of romance. On an episode in the life of one of them Defoe founded one of the great romances of all time–“a most circumstantial and elaborate lie,” as Leslie Stephen calls it, “for which we are all grateful.” No buccaneer’s story has had anything like the popularity of Robinson Crusoe: but it may be noted that when Defoe essayed to tell lying tales of pirates such as Captain Avery, founded on Dampier and other writers of fact, the subsequent popularity has been with the true story.

To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee

One of the most cherished stories of all time, To Kill a Mockingbird has been translated into more than forty languages, sold more than forty million copies worldwide, served as the basis for an enormously popular motion picture, and was voted one of the best novels of the twentieth century by librarians across the country. A gripping, heart-wrenching, and wholly remarkable tale of coming-of-age in a South poisoned by virulent prejudice, it views a world of great beauty and savage inequities through the eyes of a young girl, as her father—a crusading local lawyer—risks everything to defend a black man unjustly accused of a terrible crime.

The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway

The Old Man and the Sea is one of Hemingway’s most enduring works. Told in language of great simplicity and power, it is the story of an old Cuban fisherman, down on his luck, and his supreme ordeal — a relentless, agonizing battle with a giant marlin far out in the Gulf Stream. 

Here Hemingway recasts, in strikingly contemporary style, the classic theme of courage in the face of defeat, of personal triumph won from loss. Written in 1952, this hugely successful novella confirmed his power and presence in the literary world and played a large part in his winning the 1954 Nobel Prize for Literature.

A Separate Peace by John Knowles

Set at a boys’ boarding school in New England during the early years of World War II, A Separate Peace is a harrowing and luminous parable of the dark side of adolescence. Gene is a lonely, introverted intellectual. Phineas is a handsome, taunting, daredevil athlete. What happens between the two friends one summer, like the war itself, banishes the innocence of these boys and their world

The Good Earth by Pearl Buck

The Good Earth is Buck’s classic story of Wang Lung, a Chinese peasant farmer, and his wife, O-lan, a former slave. With luck and hard work, the couple’s fortunes improve over the years: They have sons, and save steadily until one day they can afford to buy property in the House of Wang—the very house in which O-lan used to work. But success brings with it a new set of problems. Wang soon finds himself the target of jealousy, and as good harvests come and go, so does the social order. Will Wang’s family cherish the estate after he’s gone? And can his material success, the bedrock of his life, guarantee anything about his soul?

Non Fiction

All Quiet on the Western Front by Remarque 

I am young, I am twenty years old; yet I know nothing of life but despair, death, fear, and fatuous superficiality cast over an abyss of sorrow. . . .

This is the testament of Paul Bäumer, who enlists with his classmates in the German army during World War I. They become soldiers with youthful enthusiasm. But the world of duty, culture, and progress they had been taught breaks in pieces under the first bombardment in the trenches.

Through years of vivid horror, Paul holds fast to a single vow: to fight against the principle of hate that meaninglessly pits young men of the same generation but different uniforms against one another . . .  if only he can come out of the war alive.

Night by Elie Wiesel 

Night is Elie Wiesel’s masterpiece, a candid, horrific, and deeply poignant autobiographical account of his survival as a teenager in the Nazi death camps. This new translation by Marion Wiesel, Elie’s wife and frequent translator, presents this seminal memoir in the language and spirit truest to the author’s original intent. And in a substantive new preface, Elie reflects on the enduring importance of Night and his lifelong, passionate dedication to ensuring that the world never forgets man’s capacity for inhumanity to man.

Night offers much more than a litany of the daily terrors, everyday perversions, and rampant sadism at Auschwitz and Buchenwald; it also eloquently addresses many of the philosophical as well as personal questions implicit in any serious consideration of what the Holocaust was, what it meant, and what its legacy is and will be.

Miracle Worker by  William Gibson

Based on the remarkable true story of Helen Keller and her teacher Annie Sullivan, this inspiring and unforgettable play has moved countless readers and become an American classic.

Young Helen Keller, blind, deaf, and mute since infancy, is in danger of being sent to an institution because her inability to communicate has left her frustrated and violent. In desperation, her parents seek help from the Perkins Institute, which sends them a “half-blind Yankee schoolgirl” named Annie Sullivan to tutor their daughter. Despite the Kellers’ resistance and the belief that Helen “is like a little safe, locked, that no one can open,” Annie suspects that within Helen lies the potential for more, if only she can reach her. Through persistence, love, and sheer stubbornness, Annie breaks through Helen’s walls of silence and darkness and teaches her to communicate, bringing her into the world at last.

Alicia: My Story by Alicia Appleman-Juman

Her name is Alicia. She was thirteen when she began saving the lives of people she did not know—while fleeing the Nazis through war-ravaged Poland.

Her family cruelly wrenched from her, Alicia rescued other Jews from the Gestapo, led them to safe hideouts, and lent them her courage and hope. Even the sight of her mother’s brutal murder could not quash this remarkable child’s faith in human goodness—or her determination to prevail against overwhelming odds.

After the war, Alicia continued to risk her life, leading Polish Jews on an underground route to freedom in Palestine. She swore on her brother’s grave that if she survived, she would speak for her silenced family. This book is the eloquent fulfillment of that oath.

The Pigman and Me by Paul Zindel

This touching and hilarious memoir by Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Paul Zindel, won the Margaret A. Edwards award. “Eight hundred and fifty-three horrifying things had happened to me by the time I was a teenager. That was when I met my Pigman, whose real name was Nonno Frankie.” 
The year Paul Zindel, his sister, and their mother lived in the town of Travis, Staten Island, New York, was the most important time of his teenage life. It was the year he and Jennifer Wolupopski were best friends. It was the year of the apple tree, the water-head baby, and Cemetery Hill. And it was the year he met Nonno Frankie Vivona, who became his Pigman. 
Every word of his story is true. And The Pigman & Me has an added bonus–one crucial piece of information: the secret of life, according to the Pigman.

I Was a Teenage Professional Wrestler by Ted Lewin

Life and Death of Crazy Horse by Russell Freedman

Knots in my Yo-Yo String by Jerry Spinelli

Savion: My Life in Tap by Savion Glover

Lives of Extraordinary women: Rulers, Rebels (and what the neighbors thought) by Kathleen Krull and Kathryn Hewitt

Pick & Shovel Poet: The Journeys of Pascal D’Angelo by Jim Murphy

Red Scarf Girl by Jiang

Chinese Cinderella by Mah

My Life in Dog Years by Gary Paulsen

Hawk: Occupation: Skateboarder by Tony Hawk

Shipwreck at the Bottom of the World: The Extraordinary True Story of Shackleton and the Endurance by Jenniffer Armstrong

Maus by Art Spiegleman

Buttons Bones, and the Organ Grinders Monkey: Tales of Historical Archaeology by Meg Greene

A Child Called It: One Child’s Courage to Survive by Dave Pelzer

Radsports Guides by Tracey Maurer

Phineas Gage: Gruesome but True Story about Brain Science by John Fleischman

Meltdown: A Race Against Nuclear Disaster at Three Mile Island by Wilbron Hampton

American Islam: Growing Up Muslim in America by Richard Wormser

Patrol: An American Soldier in Vietnam by Walter Dean Myers

The DK Secret Worlds Series, especially Code Breakers and Gladiators Guts by Gary Paulsen

Don’t Step on the Foul Line: Sports Superstitions by George Sullivan

October Sky by Homer Hickam

Within Reach by Mark Pfezer

The Greatest by Walter Dean Myers

The Great Fire by Jim Murphy

The Blizzard by Jim Murphy

The Sports Fan’s Ultimate Trivia Book by Bob Mann (Orca Press)

Food Rules! The Stuff You Munch, Its Crunch, Its Punch, and Why You Sometimes Lose Your Lunch by Bill Haduch.

Forensic Science:  Evidence, Clues and Investigation by Andrea Campbell

Freaky Facts about Natural Disaster and More Freaky Facts About Natural Disasters by Mary Barnes and Kathleen Duey (Aladdin)

Olympia: Warrior Athletes of Ancient Greece by David Blacklock.  Illustrated by David Kennett.

Hole In My Life by Jack Gantos

Bad Boy: A Memoir by Walter Dean Myers

No More Strangers Now: Young Voices from a New South Africa, by Tim McKee

The Rose That Grew >From Concrete by Tupac Shakur

Hidden Evidence: 40 True Crimes and How Forensic Science Helped Solve Them by David Owen

Baseball Parks (Sports Placs) by Thomas S. Owens

Twin Tales: The Magic and Mystery of Multiple Birth by Donna M. Jackson

Black Potatoes: The Story of the Great Irish Famine, 1845-1850 by Susan Campbell

Left for Dead: A Young Man’s Search for Justice for the USS Indianapolis by Pete Nelson

Fingerprints and Talking Bones: How real-life crimes are solved By Charlotte Foltz Jones and The Bone Detectives: how forensic anthropologists solve crimes and uncover mysteries of the dead by Donna Jackson 

Language Arts

Reading strategies

Main idea
Determine the main idea of a passage

Audience, purpose, and tone

Which text is most formal?
Identify audience and purpose
Compare passages for subjective and objective tone Compare passages for tone

Literary devices

Identify the narrative point of view
Interpret the meaning of an allusion from its source
Recall the source of an allusion
Interpret figures of speech
Classify figures of speech: euphemism, hyperbole, oxymoron, paradox

Analyzing literature

Match the quotations with their themes Analyze short stories
Identify elements of poetry

Analyzing informational texts

Analyze the development of informational passages Trace an argument
Analyze rhetorical strategies in historical texts

Writing strategies

Organizing writing

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Order topics from broadest to narrowest Organize information by main idea

Topic sentences and thesis statements

Choose the topic sentence that best captures the main idea Identify thesis statements

Developing and supporting arguments

Distinguish facts from opinions
Identify stronger and weaker evidence to support a claim
Choose the best evidence to support a claim
Identify supporting evidence in a text
Evaluate counterclaims
Choose the analysis that logically connects the evidence to the claim Transition logically between claims, evidence, analysis, and counterclaims Classify logical fallacies

Persuasive strategies

Identify appeals to ethos, pathos, and logos in advertisements Use appeals to ethos, pathos, and logos in persuasive writing

Creative techniques Use personification

Writing clearly and concisely

Transitions with conjunctive adverbs
Avoid double, illogical, and unclear comparisons Identify sentences with parallel structure
Use parallel structure
Remove redundant words or phrases

Active and passive voice

Identify active and passive voice Rewrite the sentence in active voice

Editing and revising

Use the correct frequently confused word
Identify and correct errors with frequently confused words
Identify and correct errors with frequently confused pronouns and contractions Correct errors with commonly misspelled words
Correct errors with signs
Correct errors in everyday use
Suggest appropriate revisions

Research skills (MLA)

Understand a Works Cited entry Recognize the parts of a Works Cited entry Use in-text citations
Identify plagiarism


Prefixes and suffixes

Word pattern analogies Word pattern sentences Words with pre-
Words with re-

Words with sub-
Words with mis-
Words with un-, dis-, in-, im-, and non- Words with -ful
Words with -less
Words with -able and -ible

Greek and Latin roots

Sort words by shared Greek or Latin roots
Use Greek and Latin roots as clues to the meanings of words Use words as clues to the meanings of Greek and Latin roots Determine the meanings of Greek and Latin roots
Determine the meanings of words with Greek and Latin roots


Use the correct homophone
Identify and correct errors with homophones


Foreign words and expressions

Use etymologies to determine the meanings of words
Use context as a clue to the meanings of foreign expressions Use the correct foreign expression

Word usage and nuance

Choose the word whose connotation and denotation best match the sentence Use words accurately and precisely
Replace words using a thesaurus
Explore words with new or contested usages

Analogies Analogies

Context clues

Determine the meaning of words using synonyms in context Determine the meaning of words using antonyms in context Use context to identify the meaning of a words

Reference skills

Use dictionary entries
Use dictionary definitions
Use dictionary entries to determine correct usage Use thesaurus entries

Grammar and mechanics

Sentences, fragments, and run-ons

Is the sentence declarative, interrogative, imperative, or exclamatory? Identify sentence fragments
Identify run-on sentences
Choose punctuation to avoid fragments and run-ons

Phrases and clauses Is it a phrase or a clause?


Identify prepositional phrases
Identify appositives and appositive phrases
Identify dependent and independent clauses
Is the sentence simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex? Combine sentences using relative clauses


Form and use plurals: review
Form and use plurals of compound nouns


Identify and correct errors with subject and object pronouns Subject and object pronouns review
Pronouns after “than” and “as”
Identify and correct pronoun errors with “who”

Use relative pronouns: who and whom
Use relative pronouns: who, whom, whose, which, and that Identify vague pronoun references
Identify all of the possible antecedents
Correct inappropriate shifts in pronoun number and person

Verb types

Identify transitive and intransitive verbs
Identify linking verbs, predicate adjectives, and predicate nouns Identify participles and what they modify
Identify gerunds and their functions
Identify infinitives and infinitive phrases

Subject-verb agreement

Identify and correct errors with subject-verb agreement
Identify and correct errors with indefinite pronoun-verb agreement Identify and correct verb agreement with compound subjects

Verb tense

Form the progressive verb tenses
Form the perfect verb tenses
Identify and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense

Adjectives and adverbs

Choose between adjectives and adverbs
Form and use comparative and superlative adjectives Good, better, best, bad, worse, and worst
Form and use comparative and superlative adverbs Well, better, best, badly, worse, and worst

Use the correct pair of correlative conjunctions

Misplaced modifiers

Misplaced modifiers with pictures
Select the misplaced or dangling modifier Are the modifiers used correctly?

Restrictive and nonrestrictive elements

What does the punctuation suggest? Commas with nonrestrictive elements


Commas with direct addresses, introductory words, interjections, interrupters, and antithetical phrases
Commas with series, dates, and places
Commas with compound and complex sentences

Commas with coordinate adjectives Commas: review

Semicolons, colons, and commas

Use semicolons and commas to separate clauses Use semicolons, colons, and commas with lists Semicolons, colons, and commas review

Dashes, hyphens, and ellipses

Use dashes
Use hyphens in compound adjectives
Decide whether ellipses are used appropriately


Identify and correct errors with plural and possessive nouns

Identify and correct errors with compound and joint possession

Capitalization Correct capitalization errors


Formatting quotations and dialogue Capitalizing titles
Formatting titles
Formatting and capitalizing titles: review

Global History I

Our Big History (13 billion years ago to Present)

History stories History Frames
The Big History Story

Early Humans (250,000 years to 3,000 BCE)

The Origins of humans and early human societies The Neolithic Revolution and the birth of agriculture Humans as a Divergance

Farmer Revolution
Was Farming a good Idea?

Cities, Societies and Empires (6,000 BCE to 700 CE)

Ancient Mesopotamia Ancient Egypt Ancient India
Shang China

Ancient Americas
Village Networks
Ancient Persia
Classical Greece
Long Distance Trade
Comparing Early Agrarian Societies What is a State

Development of Portable Belief Systems The Growth of Empires
The Rise and fall of Empires
Empire of Alexander the Great

Rise of Rome
From Roman Republic to Roman Empire The Roman Empire
Ancient and Imperial China
Early Judaism
Early Christianity
Early Americas
Empires in India
Early Hinduism

Early Buddhism
Women and families
Trans regional Trade: The silk road
Comparing the Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty Human Innovation and environment

Regional Webs (200 to 1500 CE)

Systems Collapse
Systems Restructure
Byzantine Empire
European Middle Ages feudalism and serfdom origins of islam

spread of islam
sunny and Shia islam
The great schism
the crusades
the mongols
Song China
Medieval Japan
Maya, Aztec and Inca
Environment and Trade
Human Migration
Development of new trading cities cultural interactions along trade routes development of financial institutions Disease and demography
social institutions in the Islamic world A Dark Age?

The First Global Age (1200 to 1750 CE)

Land Based Empires
Old World Webs
Spanish and Portuguese Empires Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment Mughal Rule in India
The Protestant Reformation
The Russian Empire
The Colombian Exchange
The Transatlantic Slave Trade
New Economic Systems


Chemistry of Life

Elements and Atoms
Electron Shells and Orbitals Chemical bonds and reactions

Water, acids and bases

Hydrogen bonding in water
Cohesion and adhesion
Temperature and state changes in water Acids, bases and pH

Properties of carbon

Hydrocarbon structures and functional groups


what are Macromolecules? carbohydrates
Nucleic acids


Energy and Enzymes

Energy in metabolism laws of thermodynamics free energy
ATP and reaction coupling what are enzymes? enzyme regulation

Structure of a cell

what are cells?
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

tour of a eukaryotic cells
extracellular structures and cell-cell junctions

Membranes and transport

the plasma membrane diffusion and osmosis passive transport active transport

bulk transport

Cellular Respiration

what is cellular respiration
steps of cellular respiration
pyruvate oxidation and the citric acid cycle oxidative phosphorylation


what is photosynthesis
the light dependent reactions
the calvin cycle
photorespiration: C3, C4 and CAM plants

Cell Signaling

how the cells signal to each other communication in single celled organisms

Cell Division

what is cell division
the cell cycle and mitosis
cell cycle regulation, cancer and stem cells

Classical and Molecular Genetics

Mendelian genetics
variations on medelian genetics
chromosomal basis of genetics
sex linkage, chromosomal mutations & non – nuclear inherit molecular basis of genetics

DNA as the genetic material

Structure of DNA Discovery of DNA DNA replication

Central dogma (DNA to RNA to protein)

Central dogma and the genetic code transcription

Gene Regulation

Gene regulation in bacteria Gene regulation in eukaryotes


what is biotechnology DNA cloning
DNA analysis methods

Developmental biology

Development & differentiation
signaling & transcription factors in development apoptosis

Bacteria and Archaea

Prokaryote structure
Prokaryote metabolism and ecology



Evolution and the tree of life

Evolution and natural selection population genetics
speciation and evolutionary trees

History of Life on Earth

Formation of Earth and early life the diversification of life radiometric dating


What is ecology
Population ecology
population growth & regulation community ecology
community structure & diversity what are ecosystems biogeochemical cycles biogeography

Biodiversity and Conservation

Ecosystems & ecosystem services global distribution of biodiversity threats to biodiversity
protecting biodiversity

levels of biodiversity

Behavioral biology

animal behavior

Principles of Physiology

Body Structure & Homeostasis Metabolism & thermoregulation

Human Biology

Circulatory and Pulmonary systems The neuron and nervous system the kidney and nephron


Plant Biology

Plant responses to light


Algebra review


Ratios and proportions
Scale drawings: word problems
Properties of exponents
Simplify radical expressions
Write variable expressions
Solve linear equations
Solve linear inequalities
Solve systems of linear equations
Solve a quadratic equation by factoring
Solve a quadratic equation using the quadratic formula

Points, lines, line segments, and planes

Lines, line segments, and rays
Properties of planes, lines, and points
Describe intersections in a plane
Lengths of segments on number lines
Additive property of length
Congruent line segments
Perpendicular Bisector Theorem
Midpoint formula: find the midpoint
Midpoint formula: find the endpoint
Distance formula
Distance to the origin in three dimensions
Construct the midpoint or perpendicular bisector of a segment


Angle vocabulary
Angle measures
Identify complementary, supplementary, vertical, adjacent, and congruent angles Find measures of complementary, supplementary, vertical, and adjacent angles Angle bisectors
Construct an angle bisector
Construct a congruent angle
Proofs involving angles

Parallel and perpendicular lines

Identify parallel, intersecting, and skew lines and planes Construct a perpendicular line
Transversals: name angle pairs
Transversals of parallel lines: find angle measures Construct parallel lines

Proofs involving parallel lines

Lines in the coordinate plane

Coordinate plane review
Slopes of lines
Graph a linear equation
Equations of lines
Slopes of parallel and perpendicular lines Equations of parallel and perpendicular lines Find the distance between a point and a line Find the distance between two parallel lines

Introduction to triangles

Classify triangles
Triangle Angle-Sum Theorem Exterior Angle Theorem Exterior Angle Inequality

Two-dimensional figures

Polygon vocabulary
Interior angles of polygons
Exterior angles of polygons
Review: interior and exterior angles of polygons Construct an equilateral triangle or regular hexagon Construct a square

Three-dimensional figures

Parts of three-dimensional figures Three-dimensional figure vocabulary
Nets and drawings of three-dimensional figures Cross-sections of three-dimensional figures Solids of revolution


Identify hypotheses and conclusions Counterexamples

Converses, inverses, and contrapositives Biconditionals
Truth tables
Truth values

Introduction to congruent figures

Congruence statements and corresponding parts Solve problems involving corresponding parts Identify congruent figures

Congruent triangles

SSS and SAS Theorems
Proving triangles congruent by SSS and SAS
ASA and AAS Theorems
Proving triangles congruent by ASA and AAS
SSS, SAS, ASA, and AAS Theorems
SSS Theorem in the coordinate plane
Proving triangles congruent by SSS, SAS, ASA, and AAS Proofs involving corresponding parts of congruent triangles Congruency in isosceles and equilateral triangles
Proofs involving isosceles triangles
Hypotenuse-Leg Theorem


Classify congruence transformations
Translations: graph the image
Translations: find the coordinates
Translations: write the rule
Reflections: graph the image
Reflections: find the coordinates
Rotate polygons about a point
Rotations: graph the image
Rotations: find the coordinates
Compositions of congruence transformations: graph the image Transformations that carry a polygon onto itself

Congruence transformations: mixed review Dilations: graph the image
Dilations: find the coordinates

Dilations: scale factor and classification Dilations and parallel lines


Midsegments of triangles
Triangles and bisectors
Identify medians, altitudes, angle bisectors, and perpendicular bisectors Angle-side relationships in triangles
Triangle Inequality Theorem
Construct the circumcenter or incenter of a triangle
Construct the centroid or orthocenter of a triangle
Proofs involving triangles


Identify trapezoids
Classify quadrilaterals
Find missing angles in quadrilaterals Graph quadrilaterals
Properties of parallelograms
Proving a quadrilateral is a parallelogram Properties of rhombuses
Properties of squares and rectangles Properties of trapezoids
Properties of kites
Review: properties of quadrilaterals Proofs involving quadrilaterals


Line symmetry Rotational symmetry Draw lines of symmetry Count lines of symmetry


Similarity ratios
Similarity statements
Identify similar figures
Side lengths and angle measures in similar figures Similar triangles and indirect measurement Perimeters of similar figures
Similarity rules for triangles
Similar triangles and similarity transformations Similarity of circles

Triangle Proportionality Theorem
Similarity and altitudes in right triangles
Areas of similar figures
Prove similarity statements
Prove proportions or angle congruences using similarity Proofs involving similarity in right triangles
Prove the Pythagorean theorem

Right triangles

Pythagorean theorem
Converse of the Pythagorean theorem Pythagorean Inequality Theorems Special right triangles


Trigonometric ratios: sin, cos, and tan Trigonometric ratios: csc, sec, and cot Trigonometric ratios in similar right triangles Trigonometric functions of complementary angles Find trigonometric functions of special angles Find trigonometric functions using a calculator Inverses of trigonometric functions

Trigonometric ratios: find a side length Trigonometric ratios: find an angle measure Solve a right triangle
Law of Sines

Law of Cosines
Solve a triangle
Area of a triangle: sine formula Area of a triangle: Law of Sines

Area and perimeter

Area of rectangles and squares
Area of parallelograms and triangles
Area of trapezoids
Area and perimeter in the coordinate plane Area and circumference of circles
Area of compound figures
Area between two shapes
Area and perimeter of similar figures Perimeter and area: changes in scale Heron’s formula
Area and perimeter mixed review

Surface area and volume

Introduction to surface area and volume Surface area of prisms and cylinders Surface area of pyramids and cones Surface area of spheres

Volume of prisms and cylinders
Volume of pyramids and cones
Volume of spheres
Introduction to similar solids
Surface area and volume of similar solids

Surface area and volume: changes in scale

Perimeter, area, and volume: changes in scale Surface area and volume review


Parts of a circle
Central angles and arc measures
Arc length
Convert between radians and degrees
Radians and arc length
Area of sectors
Circle measurements: mixed review
Arcs and chords
Tangent lines
Perimeter of polygons with an inscribed circle
Inscribed angles
Angles in inscribed right triangles
Angles in inscribed quadrilaterals I
Construct a tangent line to a circle
Construct an equilateral triangle inscribed in a circle

Construct a square inscribed in a circle
Construct a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle

Construct the inscribed or circumscribed circle of a triangle

Circles and parabolas in the coordinate plane

Find the center of a circle
Find the radius or diameter of a circle
Write equations of circles in standard form from graphs Write equations of circles in standard form using properties Convert equations of circles from general to standard form Find properties of circles from equations in general form Graph circles from equations in standard form
Graph circles from equations in general form
Find the vertex of a parabola

Find the focus or directrix of a parabola
Find the axis of symmetry of a parabola
Write equations of parabolas in vertex form from graphs Write equations of parabolas in vertex form using properties Convert equations of parabolas from general to vertex form Find properties of a parabola from equations in general form Graph parabolas


Convert rates and measurements: customary units Convert rates and measurements: metric units Convert square and cubic units of length

Greatest possible error
Minimum and maximum area and volume Percent error
Percent error: area and volume
Calculate density, mass, and volume


Theoretical and experimental probability Outcomes of compound events
Identify independent and dependent events Probability of independent and dependent events Counting principle

Permutation and combination notation
Find probabilities using combinations and permutations
Find probabilities using two-way frequency tables
Identify independent events
Find conditional probabilities
Independence and conditional probability
Find conditional probabilities using two-way frequency tables Geometric probability
Find probabilities using the addition rule


Compass directions and vectors
Find the magnitude of a vector
Find the component form of a vector
Find the component form of a vector given its magnitude and direction angle

Graph a resultant vector using the triangle method

Graph a resultant vector using the parallelogram method Add vectors

Subtract vectors